High in the transepts and the nave, three rose windows and the figurative windows in the clerestory are metaphors for the light of the creative, saving, and sanctifying love of God.
Wheel Windows of the Trinity
What are often referred to as "Rose Windows" are called "Wheel Windows" in Byzantine architecture. Three wheel windows pay homage to the Trinity symbolizing the relationship of each Person, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit to humanity.
At the south end of the nave, behind the main organ, the center of the window contains Hebrew letters that form the biblical name of God: YHWH or Yahweh, translated Adonai or LORD.
In the center of the west rose window is the Lamb of God, a sacrificial symbol of Christ, a motif also found on the front of the altar and in the apse.
The east window contains a traditional sign of the Holy Spirit—a dove. It is this Spirit sent from the Father and Son that extends the redeeming love of God in the church.
History of Salvation Windows
The windows in the clerestory above the nave depict six major figures in the history of salvation.
Christian typology understands each person portrayed as a foreshadowing of Christ, depicted in the sixth window as Christ the King.
- Adam: In the Garden of Eden under the creative hand of God.
- Noah: Contemplating the ark, symbol of salvation.
- Abraham: Holding knife and fire for the sacrifice of Isaac.
- David: King and author of the Psalms.
- Jeremiah: Prophet and author of Lamentations.
- Christ the King: The firstborn of all creation.